Present Situation of ICT: Waste & Impact
Today, technology is critical in every industry. The optimization of production processes leads to an ever-increasing demand for high-performance devices, all over the planet, to meet the individual competitiveness of each country in a globalised world. The more technologically competitive a country becomes, the more electronic equipment it consumes.
The other side of the coin is that all this leads to a, more than appreciable, increase in electronic waste generated. In a Linear Economy perspective, taking into account the data provided by the Global E-Waste Monitor, which informs that the global consumption of EEE increases annually by 2.5 million Metric Tons (Mt) and then doubles by 2030, it will come to the point that the existing resources will not be enough to meet the demand.
Our current model, based on the economic linearity of supply chains, does not contemplate the circularity necessary to achieve progress sustainably; the absence of processes that can, in some way, help us achieve a less invasive solution leads to an increasingly limited availability of the necessary raw materials. The ICT sector is no exception.